Overview of Carbohydrate Metabolism
Carbohydrate metabolism refers to the process use by the human body to break down carbohydrates into energy. It is the digestion of carbohydrate food where the first nutrient to be extracted is glucose, and it is absorbed into the blood stream. Eating excessive carbohydrates can raise the fat storage in your body, while consuming lesser carbohydrates may cause serious health problems.
Carbohydrate Metabolism Affects Weight
We consume carbohydrates in the form of food. Grains, rice, sweets, cereals, fruits and all other foods that come from them are mostly carbohydrates. Foods rich in carbohydrates provide the energy to the body that helps in its smooth functioning. They act as the main source of fuel to your body. Once consumed, you turn carbohydrates into sugar known as glucose. Insulin infuses the glucose into your cells as glycogen, which then is used for energy. In case there is more glucose left over from the process, the body stores it as fat.
Carbohydrates are of three types: fiber, complex and simple carbohydrates.
Fiber is indigestible carbohydrates. High fiber foods comprise of elements that cannot break down in the body, and can’t be converted to energy or fat. The other two types of carbohydrates are digestible. Simple carbs like refined sugar and fruits instantly break down into glucose, while complex carbs break down steadily and burn longer as energy. Simple carbs boosts your hunger and may cause excess fat storage while complex carbs are usually less fattening.
Complex carbohydrates are the healthiest option as they result in slower insulin growth and you do not feel hungry. They are also rich in vitamins and other vital nutrients. The majority of health authorities suggest consuming complex carbohydrates as your main source of nutrition as it promotes weight loss and is good for overall health. You should include an appropriate amount of whole grain pasta, breads and cereals in your diet regimen.
Sugar is a simple carbohydrate and occurs naturally in some foods, including fruits, vegetables, milk and milk products. Types of sugar include fruit sugar (fructose), table sugar (sucrose) and milk sugar (lactose).
In spite of the people’s increasing obsession with low-carb diets, carbohydrates are a significant part of your healthy diet and effective weight-loss routine. If consumed in an appropriate quantity, carbohydrates break down to provide only energy, not excess fat.
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