What is food poisoning?
Food poisoning is a common, yet distressing problem for millions of people across the world. It is often defined as a food borne disease. It occurs when you consume food or water that contains bacteria, toxins, viruses or parasites. The majority of cases of food poisoning are from common bacteria like Staphylococcus or E. coli. These symptoms could be related to the gastrointestinal tract causing nausea or diarrhea or could involve other organs like the kidneys, brain or muscles.
Normally, most food borne diseases cause nausea and diarrhea that stays for a short time and get cured on their own. However, dehydration and electrolyte abnormalities may develop. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention states that 76 million people become ill because of food related diseases every year causing 5,000 deaths and 325,000 hospitalizations.
Food poisoning facts.
- Affected-persons often complain of vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain and cramping.
- People should look for medical care if they have an associated fever, blood in their stool, signs and symptoms of dehydration, or if their condition does not stabilize after a few days.
- Treatment focuses on keeping the patient well hydrated.
- When it comes to food poisoning, prevention is the key. Food preparation areas must be clean. You must wash your hands before preparing meals.
Main causes of food poisoning
- Under cooking your food can be hazardous as harmful bacteria in the food will not be destroyed.
- Reheated foods are those that have been cooked earlier, allowed to cool and then heated again before intake. If the cooling has not been quick enough, any bacteria in the food will have had time to germinate. It is very important that these foods are properly re-cooked in order to kill any bacteria that may have been produced by the spores.
- Food poisoning bacteria are possibly present in raw food, particularly raw meat and poultry. If these bacteria are allowed to contaminate food that you are eating without further heating, it may cause food poisoning.
- Poor personal hygiene can contaminate food with bacteria. Moreover, people suffering from infections such as vomiting, diarrhea and food borne illness can contaminate the food. Anybody who is in contact with somebody suffering from food poisoning can pass on bacteria, even though they show no symptoms themselves.
Remedies for Food Poisoning
Ginger: It not only adds flavour to your dishes, but is also an excellent remedy for treating all kinds of digestive problems. Add a few drops of ginger juice in one spoon of honey. It will help you get rid of inflammation and pain.
Cumin: Cumin seeds are also very effective to soothe the inflammation in your stomach. You can add one tablespoon of crushed cumin seeds into your soup.
Bananas: They are good source of potassium and help recovery and reduce the effects of food poisoning. Mash two bananas and an apple, or whip up a quick banana shake.
Apples: Apples also help fight against food poisoning as they reduce heartburn and acid reflux. Apples have enzymes that prevent the growth of the bacteria that cause diarrhea and stomach ache.
Lemon: Squeeze one lemon and add a hint of sugar in it. You can add your favourite tea or simply drink it. It helps to kill most of the bacteria that cause food poisoning.
Water: You must keep your body hydrated during the period of food poisoning because your body tends to lose more water through diarrhea. Drink lots of water to flush out the toxins and bacteria, which will enhance your recovery.
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